Good research practice
There are several principles accepted by the research community for good research practice, one example being the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (ALLEA). According to ALLEA good research practice and integrity is based on: reliability - in ensuring that the quality of research, reflected in the design, the methodology, the analysis and the use of resources; honesty in developing, understanding, reviewing, reporting and communicating research in a transparent, fair, full and unbiased way, respect - for colleagues, research participant, society, ecosystems, cultural heritage and the environment, and accountability - for the research from idea to publication, for its management and organization, for training, supervision and mentoring, and for its wider impacts.
At the University of Gävle, the Forskningsetiska rådet (the Research Ethics Council) works with preventative measures and information on good research practice.
In order to conduct research on people, human tissue or sensitive personal data, ethics testing and permits are required.
Read more on the Swedish Ethical Review Authority page.
A new law, the act on responsibility for good research practice and the examination of research misconduct applies from 1 January 2020. Misconduct in research is investigated by a special committee: Nämnden för prövning av oredlighet i forskning. Misconduct in research is defined as a serious departure from good research practice in the form of fabrication, falsification or plagiarism that is committed intentionally or by gross negligence in planning, conducting or reporting research. Further deviations from good research practices that damage the integrity of the research process or of researchers, are handled by the local educational institutions. In the case of further deviations from good research practice, during the investigation, the University of Gävle collaborates with Dalarna University.